The Bija-Akshara

Pranawa and Bija Mantra:

Pranawa (AUM), Bija Mantra, Surya Mantra and the SuryaNamaskar are all complementary to each other. Each one enhances and ensures the positive results of the other. BijaAkashar is the root of Pranayam. Some exercises in Pranayam are considered the part of SuryaNamaskar to treat certain diseases.

Pranawa / AUM is pronounced before the Bija Mantra. It is pronounced in three segments. The articulation of these parts is long longer and the longest, in the ascending order. (Aaaaaa Uuuuuuuuuu Mmmmmmmmmmm…. ) Lips closed at the last segment. The three segments of AUM activate stomach, heart and brain respectively. The articulation of AUM creates vibrations at the Manipur Chakra, the Anaahat Chakra and the Aadnya Chakra. Digestion, respiratory & sensory activities go through the powerful lens of AUM turning intellect and memory into sharp, powerful, pointed weapons.

Bija-Mantra: The Bija Mantra are six in numbers. The cycle of the six Bija Mantra is repeated, of course, in sequence to cover the twelve names of the Sun God. The Bija Mantra are as follows:

Aum - Hram Hreem Hroom Hraim Hroum Hrahaha.

ॐ ह्रां ह्रीं ह्रूं ह्रैं ह्रौं ह्:

Bija Mantra is pronounced together with the name of the Sun God. The position of the Bija Mantra is between the sound Aum and the name of the Sun God. For example:

Aum Hram Mitraya Namah.

Bija-Akshar: The root alphabets of the Bija Mantra and the sequence of their pronunciation are as follows:

  • h = It represents Akaash. It is Suryabij, SuryaTej in miniature. It is also called Mahapran. Heart is the source of its pronunciation. It empowers the heart to perform all its functions in a better manner.
  • r = It represents the element Fire hence it is called Agni-Bij. The centre of the forehead is the source of its pronunciation. The palate and the brain are gently buffeted by the vibration. The result is good taste and better intellect. The balanced used of tongue, both for eating and speaking, is on progressive mode.
  • Swar (Vowel) is a sound pronounced with minimum friction in the vocal cord. Sound vibrations have their effect on the body. Generally, ears reject the loud, heavy, round sound of drums and trumpets. This sound has adverse effect on stomach. Minimal sound vibrations create maximum effect on certain parts of the body. When long Eeee…is uttered the minute vibrations work upon the palate, the vocal cord and the nasal area making the passage clear of mucus, soft and strong.
    • When long Uuuu…is uttered, the minute vibrations work upon the stomach, small intestine, pancreas making the digestive system strong.
    • When the combined vowel is uttered, as in Hraim, the minute vibrations work upon kidney and urinary passage making the organs strong and sensitive.
    • When this combined vowel, as in Hroum, is uttered the minute vibrations work upon excretory system making the organs strong and sensitive.
  • Anunasik. Anunasik is a sound vibrations created in the nasal area. These vibrations keep the nasal passage clean soft and wet.
  • Visarga. ( : ) The sound vibrations created by Visarga work on the chest and the vocalcord
Combination of Pranawa – Bija Mantra – Surya Mantra:

The FIRST SERIES of twelve SuryaNamaskar is performed with the pronunciation of each name of the Sun God / SuryaMantra in sequence before the start of every Aasana of the SuryaNamaskar. (The bunch of twelve Surya Mantra and twelve Aasana is ONE SuryaNamaskar.)

The SECOND SERIES of twelve SuryaNamaskar is performed inserting a Bija Mantra in between the AUM and the Surya Mantra, before each SuryaNamaskar.

Aum Hram Mitraaya Namah.

Aum Hreem Ravaye Namah.

Aum Hroom Suryaaya Namah

Aum Hraim Bhaanave Namah.

Aum Hroum Khagaaya Namah.

Aum Hrahaha Pushne Namah.

Aum Hram Hiranyagarbhaaya Namah.

Aum Hreem Marichaye Namh.

Aum Hroom Adityaaya Namah.

Aum Hraim Savitre Namah.

Aum Hroum Arkaaya Namah.

Aum Hrahaha Bhaskaraaya Namah.

The THIRD SERIES of TWELVE SuryaNamaskar is composed in the following way:

Each SuryaNamaskar

AUM + 02 Bija Mantra + 02 SuryaMantra for 06 SuryaNamaskar.

AUM + 04 Bija Mantra + 04 SuryaMantra for 03 SuryaNamaskar.

AUM + 12 Bija Mantra + 12 SuryaMantra for 03 SuryaNamaskar.

The closing SuryaNamaskar of the performance:

Aum Shri Savita SuryaNarayanaya Namah for 01 SuryaNamaskar.


  • SuryaNamaskar can be performed with Aum, Surya Mantra, BijaMantra, TruchaKalpa / HansaKalpa. In TruchaKalpa SuryaNamaskar shloka from Rugved are used and in HansaKalpa shloka from Yajurved are used.
  • One series of SuryaNamaskar consists of twenty-four SuryaNamaskar. SuryaNamaskar is the worship of AadiShakti Mata Gaayatri Devi. The Gaayatri Mantra has twenty four alphabets, the NyasaSthan (the power points) on our body are twenty four, the hours of the day are twenty four and the Fundamental Elements according to Vedanta are twenty four (+ one Parameshwar /ParamTatwa).
  • The capacity to perform SuryaNamaskar varies from person to person. It depends on one’s health, age, body weight, physical and mental ailments and illness etc.
  • I would suggest you to use FIFTEEN minutes to perform THREE SuryaNamaskar at the beginning. As you practice ahead the number of SuryaNamaskar will reach to TWELVE while the span of time will remain the same.
  • Use other fifteen minutes to perform one more series of SN. Gradually you achieve the ability to perform 24+01 SN in thirty minutes, of course, utilizing full physical ability. Thereafter you can take care of time & speed; rhythm & breathing. The speed of performance should fulfill all the aims and objectives of each and every Aasana of SuryaNamaskar.
  • If you want to perform more than one series of SuryaNamaskar (each of twelve SuryaNamaskar), the method indicated in the SECOND SERIES is repeated.
  • The last method clearly demands good mental concentration, better slow-heavy breathing and the best use of all physical abilities. At the same time the time gap between two SuryaNamaskar ensures steady heart beats and stable use of physical efforts.